Konul Bunyadzadeh has been in a scientific visit at the 29 Mayıs University, Istanbul, Turkey
Corresponding Member of ANAS, Doctor of Philosophical Sciences of Institute of Philosophy Azerbaijan National Academy of Sciences Konul Bunyadzadeh has been in a scientific visit at the 29 Mayis University, Istanbul, Turkey from 01.04.2016 to 01.02.2017 to conduct research on the topic of “Divine and Human Love in Philosophy: Rabia al-Adawiyya (VIII c.) and Edith Stein (XX c.)”
Research partner was the head of 29 Mayis University Philosophical Department - Prof. Dr. Tahsin Gorgun. Research work was supported by TUBITAK.
The goal and the results of the research: The research includes three chapters: a) the history of love in philosophy and the comparison of the divine and human loves; b) the history of woman philosophers and their role and place in the history of philosophy; c)the philosophy of Rabia al-Adawiyya and the phenomenology of Edith Stein and the comparison of their views. Rabia al-Adawiyya (VIII c.) and Edith Stein (XX c.) lived in different times and were fervent believers of different religions (Islam and Catholicism). However, these philosophers have secured similar positions in the history of philosophy due to their viewpoints and approaches to the relationship between God and human being.
This research explored love as expressed in the thoughts of two women philosophers, Rabiaal-Adawiyya (VIII c.) and Edith Stein (XX c.). Despite a disparity of time, religion, and philosophical currents – Sufism and Phenomenology – the ideas of love and grace connect them. Consequently, this investigation created a bridge, revealing universal concepts of love while also balancing feminine and masculine thoughts on love within the history of philosophy. Three main lines in the philosophers’ views are examined concurrently – religion, philosophy, and social circumstances. Love is considered not only as a relationship between the sexes but also as the path to moral perfection through the practice of two principles, objectivity and tolerance. Consequently, a study of the views of these women philosophers in the context of religion and social circumstances presented love as a universal truth. Further, it is a presentation of feminine thought next to the masculine, balancing the two perspectives in the history of philosophy. This research helped to discover the differences and common features of the views of Rabia al-Adawiyya and Edith Stein, as well as discover the origins of tolerance and empathy in theirphilosophies. Finally, both of these philosophers were fanatic servants of the irreligions who demonstrateda special influence on their society. They synthesized human and divine love not only in their works but also in their personalities. Their ideas are important for all humanity, not just women. Consequently, the research of these philosophers is not accidental but natural. It is planned to publish a book in 3 languages – Azerbaijani, Turkish and English with the preface of Prof. Dr. Tahsin Gorgun (29 Mayis University, Turkey) in Turkish edition, Prof. Dr. Francesco Alfieri (The Pontifical Lateran University, Vatican) in English edition.
Application possibilities and significance of research results: Results of the research work is valuable for students and researchers who study a) the history of philosophy, b) the history of Sufism, c) the philosophy of Sufism, d) the philosophy of Rabia al-Adawiyya, e) the history of love, f) the phenomenology, g) the phenomenology of Edith Stein, h) the dialogue of religions and i) women philosophers.
During the scientific visit K. Bunyadzadeh made a report on the results of the research work in the conferences organized by the 29 Mayis University: Divine and Human Love in Philosophy; Women Philosophers in the History of Philosophy; Rabia al-Adawiyya and Edith Stein.